It is regarded as the worst natural disaster in recorded history to affect those islands and was also the deadliest Atlantic hurricane since Mitch in 1998. Sainte-Croix, qui avait gardé 90 % de son réseau électrique intact avec Irma, alors que les autres îles le perdaient complètement, le perdit cette fois[81]. Here they are", "Here's What Life is Like in Puerto Rico 3 Months After Hurricane Maria", "20 photos show Puerto Rico's slow recovery 2 years after Hurricane Maria", "Friends of Puerto Rico envía 300,000 libras de suministros", "1 Month Later in Puerto Rico, the Situation Is Still Horrifying", "Inside Puerto Rico's Struggle to Recover a Month After Hurricane", "Puerto Rico Is Getting a Surge of Aid, Governor Says", "Hurricane Maria Live Updates: Structural Damage at Dam Prompts Evacuations in Puerto Rico", "Post Nation 70,000 in Puerto Rico urged to evacuate immediately as dam is in 'imminent' danger of failure", "5 numbers that prove Puerto Rico is still in crisis", FEMA: "Federal Agencies Continue Hurricane Maria Response and Relief Operations", Washington Post: "Puerto Rico governor: 'We still need some more help' from Washington" by Ed O'Keefe, Stars & Stripes: "Military conducting multiple operations to help Hurricane Maria-struck Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands" By Corey Dickstein, CNN: "US Navy ship's response efforts in Puerto Rico", CBS News: "U.S. military beefs up its efforts in Puerto Rico as need for vital supplies grows", Coast Guard News: "Coast Guard continues hurricane response in Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands", "Official: Hurricane Maria set Puerto Rico back decades", "FEMA Continues Hurricane Maria Response and Relief Operations", Military Times: "Hospital ship Comfort heading to Puerto Rico" by Tara Copp, "How the Connecticut National Guard is helping hurricane victims in Puerto Rico", "CT National Guard sends troops to help Puerto Rico", "First Irma, now Maria: Kentucky National Guard on rescue missions in Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico", "Kentucky Air National Guard establishes air hub for Hurricane Maria relief", "Wisconsin National Guard communications specialists deploy to Puerto Rico", "Illinois National Guardsmen Deploy To Kuwait, Puerto Rico", "Riding along with NY Air National Guard in Puerto Rico after Hurricane Maria", "How New York is helping Puerto Rico after Hurricane Maria", "National Guard Units Across the Country Join Puerto Rico Relief Effort", "Savannah Air National Guard providing Puerto Rico disaster relief", "Hospital Ship Helps More Puerto Ricans at the Pier than at Sea", "A U.S. Navy Hospital Ship Was Sent to Puerto Rico—It's Barely Been Used", "There's a hospital ship waiting for sick Puerto Ricans -- but no one knows how to get on it", "USNS Comfort Restocks to Continue Post-Hurricane Care", "After pleas for more help, Pentagon sends one-star general to lead Puerto Rico recovery", CNN: "Vital aid stranded at Puerto Rico's main port" By Patrick Gillespie, Rafael Romo and Maria Santana, CNN: "Puerto Rico's aid is trapped in thousands of shipping containers" by Patrick Gillespie, Rafael Romo and Maria Santana, U.S. Army: "Army, DOD officials provide update on hurricane relief efforts", The Virginian-Pilot: "Navy sending another combat ship to hurricane-ravaged Puerto Rico" by Dan Lamothe, CNN: "Puerto Ricans fire back at Trump for critical tweets" By Ralph Ellis, "Trump Blasts Mayor of Hurricane-Devastated San Juan, Puerto Rico", "U.S. military dispatches three-star general to Puerto Rico amid charges of supply snafus", "Pentagon names 3-star general to lead Puerto Rico efforts", "Tesla Is Helping Puerto Rico Get Power After Hurricane Maria", "Puerto Rico to Get Power Relief From German Microgrid Supplier", "Solar rushes in to re-light hope in Puerto Rico", "Repair or Renovate? [65] There were no deaths on the island, although four people were injured in the hurricane—two seriously and two lightly. « La Policía anuncia que ya solo quedan sin esclarecer 60 de los 212 casos de personas desaparecidas reportadas en la Isla desde el paso del huracán ». La Garde côtière des États-Unis, la Marine des États-Unis et la Marine royale britannique menèrent des opérations de recherche et de sauvetage en utilisant un avion Lockheed HC-130, un cotre rapide (USS Kearsarge), des hélicoptères et le navire RFA Mounts Bay[104]. Ouragan Irma: une menace sérieuse pour des millions de personnes . Les dommages causés par Maria dans l'archipel de la Guadeloupe s'élevèrent à au moins 100 millions d'euros (120 millions de dollars US)[34]. La livraison du carburant devint également priorité absolue pour alimenter des génératrices électriques et le transport[131]. [159] Patients were brought to the ship by helicopter or boat tender after being referred by Puerto Rico's Department of Health. [137], Elaine Duke, who was, at the time, the acting Secretary of Homeland Security, recalled years later that President Trump suggested "selling" Puerto Rico in the aftermath of the hurricane. [239] The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) did not immediately waive the Jones Act for Puerto Rico, which prevented the commonwealth from receiving any aid and supplies from non-U.S.-flagged vessels from U.S. ports (shipments from non-US ports was unaffected). Haiti, 3 Feb 2017) Six months after Hurricane Matthew, WFP is phasing out its emergency response operation which reached more than 100,000 in March 2017 and … [260], After visiting Puerto Rico about two months after the hurricane, Refugees International issued a report that severely criticized the slow response of the federal authorities, noted poor coordination and logistics, and indicated the island was still in an emergency mode and in need of more help. [182], On October 10, 2017, Carnival Cruise Lines announced that it would resume departures of cruises from San Juan on October 15, 2017. La région de Basse-Terre a subi de graves dommages et près de 100 % de ses cultures de bananes, une superficie totale de plus de 2 000 hectares, furent complètement anéanties selon les agriculteurs[73]. [134], On September 26, 2017, 95% of the island was without power, less than half the population had tap water, and 95% of the island had no cell phone service. Les pluies furent également importantes car en 24 heures, l'ouragan laissa l'équivalent de près d'un mois de précipitations à certains endroits. The government acknowledged the death toll was greater than 64, but awaited the results of the government commissioned study to determine the true death toll.[229][230]. [165] By September 28, 44 percent of the population remained without drinking water and the U.S. military was shifting from "a short term, sea-based response to a predominantly land-based effort designed to provide robust, longer term support" with fuel delivery a top priority. Much of the housing stock and infrastructure were left beyond repair, while the island's lush vegetation was practically eradicated. [88], Two weeks after Hurricane Irma hit St. Thomas and St. John as a Category 5 hurricane, Hurricane Maria's weaker outer eyewall was reported by the National Hurricane Center to have crossed Saint Croix while the hurricane was at Category 5 intensity. Maria made landfall in Dominica at 01:15 UTC on September 19,[14] becoming the first Category 5 hurricane on record to strike the island nation. Elle est ainsi devenue une dépression frontale se dirigeant vers les îles Britanniques tout en faiblissant encore plus sur une trajectoire assez similaire à celle de Lee[24]. [211] However, many people feel that this amount is insufficient, and worry it will not help the day-to-day lives of ordinary affected Puerto Ricans. Assessments on September 22 indicated that 110 homes were destroyed, 570 were damaged, and 3,723 were affected by flooding. L'ouragan Irma continue son avancée destructrice dans les Caraïbes. En contraste marqué avec les secours initiaux pour l'ouragan Katrina et le séisme de 2010 en Haïti, l'aide sur le terrain le 20 septembre s'est organisée presque exclusivement avec les employés du gouvernement portoricain[114]. Des bateaux se sont échoués dans la baie de la commune de Schœlcher[72]. FEMA does not rebuild homes to which the owner has no title, which has presented a major obstacle for many Puerto Ricans, who may have erected structures on family plots without procuring legal paperwork beforehand. Survivors indicate that flood waters rose at least 6 ft (1.8 m) in 30 minutes, with flood waters reaching a depth of 15 feet (4.6 m) in some areas. Maria toucha ensuite la côte de Porto Rico au sud de Yabucoa vers 10 h 15 UTC avec des vents soutenus de 250 km/h[17]. La NOAA et le Département de la Défense ont fait équipe avec la FEMA pour déployer temporairement deux unités radar du Corps des Marines américains sur l'île le 21 octobre 2017 pendant que les radars à l'aviation de la FAA étaient réparés et que le radar météorologique était reconstruit. Originating from a tropical wave, Maria became a tropical storm on September 16, east of the Lesser Antilles. Des précipitations très fortes tombèrent sur toute l'île, atteignant 962,7 mm à Caguas[87]. [20] Barbados would later that day declare a tropical storm watch for its citizens and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. It originated from a tropical wave over Africa, and became a tropical depression by September 21. FEMA's relief efforts in Puerto Rico post-Maria engaged a smaller work force and budget than the agency's efforts in Texas and Florida, in the wake of Hurricanes Harvey and Irma, respectively. As time went by it did not go up by much. [62] The Basse-Terre region suffered severe damage to nearly 100% of its banana crops, comprising a total area of more than 5,000 acres (2,000 hectares); farmers described the destruction to their plantations as "complete annihilation". ACAPS Briefing Note Hurrican Irma (11 Sept. 2017) Download . After weakening slightly due to crossing Dominica, Maria achieved its peak intensity over the eastern Caribbean with maximum sustained winds of 175 mph (280 km/h) and a pressure of 908 mbar (hPa; 26.81 inHg). 1:28. Les vents soutenus les plus forts furent signalés le long de la côte sud de l'île de Basse-Terre à Gourbeyre (162 km/h) et Baillif (148 km/h)[75]. Le système dérive vers l'ouest sans trop de changement mais entre finalement dans une zone favorable au développement le 16 septembre pour devenir la dépression tropicale Quinze à 18 h UTC et la tempête tropicale Maria à 21 h UTC à 1 000 km à l'est-sud-est des Petites Antilles[4]. [190] A December 17 report indicated that 600 people remained in shelters while 130,000 had left the island to go to the mainland. 12 Sep 2017 . [32][33] The port in Morehead City was closed by the United States Coast Guard on the morning of September 26. [153] Federal aid arrived on September 25 with the reopening of major ports. Le 19 septembre, 70 000 foyers, soit environ 40 % de la population, était sans électricité[70]. [220][221] There were 238 more reported deaths in September and October 2017 than during the same months in 2016, and 336 more compared to September and October 2015. [228] The task of reviewing the death toll was given to George Washington University, with some assistance from the University of Puerto Rico, in February 2018. Embedded in the westerlies, Maria accelerated toward the east and later east-northeast over the open Atlantic, becoming extratropical on September 30 and dissipating by October 2. Ses vents soutenus ont atteint à son apogée 280 km/h et sa pression centrale était inférieure à 908 hPa, faisant de Maria le dixième plus intense des cyclones de l'Atlantique depuis la création d'archives fiables. A couple of days later, Comfort departed on an around the island tour to assist, remaining a dozen miles off shore. [168], On September 28, 2017, Lieutenant General Jeffrey S. Buchanan was dispatched to Puerto Rico to lead all military hurricane relief efforts there and to see how the military could be more effective in the recovery effort, particularly in dealing with the thousands of containers of supplies that were stuck in port because of "red tape, lack of drivers, and a crippling power outage". [158], On September 29, the hospital ship USNS Comfort left port at Norfolk, Virginia to help victims of Hurricanes Irma and Maria, and arrived in San Juan on October 3. Le 21 septembre, la mère et ses deux enfants furent sauvés mais le père s'est noyé dans le navire chaviré[103]. [62][61] Streets in Fort-de-France were inundated. There's a humanitarian emergency here in Puerto Rico. L'Obs. Sa course ralentit lors de son passage sur l'île et l'ouragan s'intensifie grâce à une mer très chaude et des cisaillements de vents très faibles avant de frapper le sud-ouest de la Basse-Terre en Guadeloupe vers 2h du matin (heure locale) le 19 septembre. [225][226][227], On December 18, 2017, Governor Rosselló ordered a recount and a new analysis of the official death toll. [175] The idea would be to supplement the existing electrical grid with power from solar and wind farms. [64] Martinique's agricultural sector suffered considerable losses: about 70% of banana crops sustained wind damage, with nearly every tree downed along the northern coast. [271], On April 11, 2018, at the 40th session of the Regional Association Hurricane Committee, the World Meteorological Organization retired the name Maria from its rotating name lists, due to the highly extensive amount of damage and loss of life it caused along its path, especially in Dominica, Saint Croix, and Puerto Rico, and it will never again be used to name an Atlantic hurricane. Le navire d'assaut amphibie USS Kearsarge, qui était venu en aide aux victimes de l'ouragan Irma, quitte Saint-Thomas aux îles Vierges des États-Unis afin de ne pas subir l'ouragan directement. [91] The Luis Hospital suffered roof damage and flooding, but remained operational. Le 18 septembre au matin, les veilles et alertes sont étendues jusqu'à Porto Rico et il est fait mention que le NHC s'attend à ce que Maria devienne un ouragan majeur[25]. [224] A Harvard study found an estimated 15 excess deaths in the four months after the hurricane in interviews with 3,299 households, resulting in an estimated 793 to 8,498 excess deaths (with a 95% confidence interval). Le 27 septembre, le Pentagone a commencé à envoyer des aéronefs, des unités spécialisées et le navire hospitalier pour aider les efforts de secours. :D L'ouragan Maria avait commencer sa tour le 6 septembre,2001. Haïti : Ouragan Matthew 3W - Education (Du 20 fév au 31 mars 2017) Map. "[251] In an update on October 19, the agency called the situation in Puerto Rico "unacceptable" and called for "a more robust and efficient response from the US government". 1:42. [18] On September 28, a trough that was beginning to emerge off the Northeastern United States swung Maria eastward out to sea, while also weakening to a tropical storm. Light rainfall in the weeks following Maria alleviated this problem, although it also slowed recovery efforts, particularly rebuilding damaged rooftops. [74] In Maria's wake, Dominica's population suffered from an island-wide water shortage due to uprooted pipes. [163] Massive amounts of water, food, and fuel either had been delivered to ports in Puerto Rico or were held up at ports in the mainland United States because there was a lack of truck drivers to move the goods into the interior; the lack of communication networks hindered the effort as only 20% of drivers reported to work. Ce dernier a dû être rescapé lorsque sa maison fut inondée[58]. [202] Less than a week later on April 18, another blackout affected all of Puerto Rico. Une quatrième noyade a eu lieu à Fernandina Beach, en Floride[48]. ", "They lost homes in Hurricane Maria, but didn't have deeds. Why? L'armée de l'air a aidé la Federal Aviation Administration à réparer le contrôle de la circulation aérienne pour accroître sa capacité de transport[116]. Maria est devenue un ouragan de catégorie 1 le 17 septembre en après-midi à 225 km à l'est-nord-est de la Barbade et se dirigeant directement vers la partie nord des Petites Antilles tout en se creusant[5]. [69] Initial ham radio reports from the capital of Roseau on September 19 indicated "total devastation," with half the city flooded, cars stranded, and stretches of residential area "flattened". Hurricane Irma & Maria. [94] A sustained wind of 64 mph (103 km/h) with a gust to 113 mph (182 km/h) was reported in San Juan, immediately prior to the hurricane making landfall on the island. Les six députés de l’Assemblée nationale ont pu quitter Haïti . [6] Researchers attribute the discrepancy with the initial death count to "lack of awareness of appropriate death certification practices after a natural disaster" among physicians reporting deaths to vital statistic agencies. [127], The power grid was effectively destroyed by the hurricane, leaving millions without electricity. They estimated 2,658–3,290 additional people died in the six months after the hurricane over the expected background rate, after accounting for emigration from the island. [110][111], The nearby island of Vieques suffered similarly extensive damage. third-costliest tropical cyclone on record, Meteorological history of Hurricane Maria, International Charter on Space and Major Disasters, Effects of Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico, Before and After María Northeast Puerto Rico Satellite Image, Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility, the Department of Housing and Urban Development, Whitefish Energy § Hurricane Maria controversy, PREPA, Puerto Rico's state-run power company, List of disasters in the United States by death toll, "Puerto Rico issues new data on Hurricane Maria deaths", "Puerto Rican Government Acknowledges Hurricane Death Toll of 1,427", "Hurricane Maria caused an estimated 2,975 deaths in Puerto Rico, new study finds", "Puerto Rican Government Admits Hurricane Maria Death Toll Was at Least 1,400", "Ascertainment of the Estimated Excess Mortality from Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico", "Atlantic hurricane best track (HURDAT version 2)", "As Hurricane Maria slowly pulls away from Puerto Rico, the U.S. East Coast awaits its next move", Post-Tropical Cyclone Maria Discussion Number 59, "Potential Tropical Cyclone Fifteen Advisory Number 1", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "Tropical Depression Fifteen Intermediate Advisory Number 1A", "Hurricane Jose lurks off the East Coast, Tropical Storm Maria threatens the Caribbean", "Hurricane Maria in the Dominican Republic", "Puerto Rico's electric company was already $9 billion in debt before hurricanes hit", "Puerto Rico's water woes raise fears of health crisis six weeks after Hurricane Maria", "Maria Latest Threat to Puerto Rico After $1 Billion Irma Hit", "2017 Hurricane Season FEMA After-Action Report", "Hurricane Maria upgraded to 'extremely dangerous' Category 4, islands including Puerto Rico brace for impact", "Puerto Rico Braces for 'Potentially Catastrophic' Hit by Hurricane Maria", "Cellphone data reveals Hurricane Maria's impact on travel in Puerto Rico", "Downgraded but still dangerous: Maria brings wind, flooding to OBX; hundreds evacuated", "Maria climbs back to hurricane status, brings wind, flood threat to OBX", Post-Disaster Needs Assessment Hurricane Maria September 18, 2017, "Cinco muertos, el resultado del huracán María en RD", "República Dominicana estima reparar daños del huracán María costará US$63 millones", "L'ouragan Maria a fait quatre morts en Guadeloupe, selon un dernier bilan", "Ouragan Maria, provisoirement 3 morts en Haïti", "Ouragan Maria : l'Etat va indemniser les agriculteurs de Guadeloupe et de Martinique", Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Table of Events, "La cifra de personas desaparecidas tras María baja a 60", "Five hurricane-related deaths confirmed", "Federal disaster relief begins on St. Croix", "3 Drown Off Jersey Shore, Dozens Rescued Despite 'No Swimming' Warning", "Man, 49, drowns in rough surf in Fernandina Beach, police say", "Flooding still possible, met office warns", "Tropical Storm Warning discontinued for St Lucia; no "All Clear" given", "Acting PM concerned about hurricane 'fake news, "LUCELEC: Hurricane Maria electricity system update #1", The flood warning for Barbados has been extended until 6:00 A.M tomorrow Tuesday 19th September, 2017, "Ouragan Maria, en direct : Saint-Martin et Saint-Barthélemy en vigilance violette", Hurricane Maria Special Advisory Number 11, "Ouragan Maria : à quoi correspondent les pluies déjà tombées", "En direct - Ouragan Maria : un mort et deux disparus en Guadeloupe, un blessé grave en Martinique", "Ouragan Maria : point de situation - 20 sept. 7h", "Hurricane Maria Does 'Mind Boggling' Damage to Dominica, Leader Says", "Maria : un voilier échoué à Fond Lahaye", "Les bananiers de Guadeloupe et de Martinique mis à terre par l'ouragan Maria", "Center of Hurricane Maria to move across Dominica tonight", "Hurricane Maria Damages Dominica's Main Hospital, Leaves 'War Zone' Conditions", "Hurricane Maria, Now Category 5, Blows Away Roof Of Dominica PM's House", "Concerns over Dominica communication blackout", "Radio Amateur on St. Lucia relays reports of hurricane devastation on Dominica", "Hurricane Maria makes landfall on Puerto Rico – live updates", "Hurricane Maria turns Dominica into 'giant debris field, Hurricane Maria: Dominica – Situation Report No. Des troupes des Gardes nationaux de Virginie, de Virginie-Occidentale et du Missouri, ainsi que des hélicoptères Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk de la garde nationale du Tennessee furent déployées dans les îles Vierges américaines. ", "Puerto Ricans Concerned That $20 Billion Recovery Plan Is 'Not For The People, "FEMA Has Rejected 60 Percent of Assistance Requests in Puerto Rico. [44] A third person had a fatal heart attack during the hurricane. [31], As Maria approached the coast of North Carolina and threatened to bring tropical storm conditions, a storm surge warning was issued for the coast between Ocracoke Inlet and Cape Hatteras, while a storm surge watch was issued for the Pamlico Sound, the lower Neuse River, and the Alligator River on the morning of September 26. [79] Settlements in Saint David Parish, such as Castle Bruce, Good Hope and Grand Fond, had been practically eradicated; many homes hung off cliffs or decoupled from their foundations. [28], Evacuation orders were issued in Puerto Rico in advance of Maria, and officials announced that 450 shelters would open in the afternoon of September 18. [55] High winds triggered an island-wide power outage and downed a coconut tree onto a residence in Saint Joseph. Il s'agit du plus puissant ouragan à frapper ce pays depuis celui de San Felipe Segundo de 1928[18]. Angelique Sina's non-profit organization, Friends of Puerto Rico, had supplied generators for hospitals in two cities, by November, 2017. [265] The decision to hire such a tiny company was considered highly unusual by many, such as former Energy Department official Susan Tierney, who stated: "The fact that there are so many utilities with experience in this and a huge track record of helping each other out, it is at least odd why [the utility] would go to Whitefish". OK, so we have some food and water—but how long for? [232] The response was met with immediate criticism, including from Mayor of San Juan Carmen Yulín Cruz and Florida Congresswoman and fellow Republican Ileana Ros-Lehtinen.[233]. Les pluies causèrent plusieurs glissements de terrain en Dominique dès l'après-midi du 18 septembre[57]. Three deaths were reported: a 45-year-old man died in the commune of Limbe, in the department of the North, while attempting to cross a flooded river. When I left the Island, AFTER the storm had hit, they had anywhere from 6 to 18 deaths. L'aide fédérale est arrivée le 25 septembre avec la réouverture des principaux ports. "[248], Mayor Cruz criticized the federal response on September 29 during a news conference. 3000 people did not die in the two hurricanes that hit Puerto Rico. [196][197] Small IV bags often come pre-filled with saline or common drugs in solution, and have forced health care providers to scramble behind the scenes for alternative methods of drug delivery. The NRDC reported that seventy percent of the island had water that did not meet the standards of the 1974 Safe Drinking Water Act. [68] Downing all cellular, radio and internet services, Maria effectively cut Dominica off from the outside world; the situation there remained unclear for a couple of days after the hurricane's passage. Care packages were coming in to Puerto Rico from all over and USPS hired temporary workers and had workers delivering packages 7 days a week, to help with the brunt. [47], In the wake of the hurricane, more than 85% of the island's houses were damaged, of which more than 25% were completely destroyed, leaving more than 50,000 of the island's 73,000 residents to be displaced.